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    Sociology Paper discussion


    Posts : 96
    Join date : 2012-05-19

    Sociology Paper discussion

    Post  Admin on Sat May 19, 2012 2:40 pm

    Discuss about strategies, tips, books and notes for this exam's preparation. Ask your queries and have a healthy discussion!

    Posts : 96
    Join date : 2012-05-19


    Post  Admin on Sat May 19, 2012 9:10 pm

    PAPER - I

    1. Sociology - The Discipline:
    Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.
    Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
    Sociology and common sense.

    2. Sociology as Science:
    Science, scientific method and critique.
    Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
    Positivism and its critique.
    Fact value and objectivity.
    Non- positivist methodologies.

    3. Research Methods and Analysis:
    Qualitative and quantitative methods.
    Techniques of data collection.
    Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.

    4. Sociological Thinkers:
    Kar l Marx- Histor ical mater ial ism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
    Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.
    Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, author i ty, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
    Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
    Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
    Mead - Self and identity.

    5. Stratification and Mobility:
    Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
    Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
    Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
    Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.

    6. Works and Economic Life:
    Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society.
    Formal and informal organization of work.
    Labour and society.
    7. Politics and Society:
    Sociological theories of power.
    Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
    Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
    Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.

    8. Religion and Society:
    Sociological theories of religion.
    Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
    Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.

    9. Systems of Kinship:
    Family, household, marriage.
    Types and forms of family.
    Lineage and descent.
    Patriarchy and sexual division oflabour.
    Contemporary trends.

    10. Social Change in Modern Society:
    Sociological theories of social change.
    Development and dependency.
    Agents of social change.
    Education and social change.
    Science, technology and social change.

    PAPER - II

    A. Introducing Indian Society:

    (i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society:
    Indology (GS. Ghurye).
    Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).
    Marxist sociology (A R Desai).

    (ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :
    Social background of Indian nationalism.
    Modernization of Indian tradition.
    Protests and movements during the colonial period.
    Social reforms.

    B. Social Structure:
    (i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
    The idea of Indian village and village studies.
    Agrarian social structure - evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.

    (ii) Caste System:
    Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
    Features of caste system.
    Untouchability - forms and perspectives.

    (iii) Tribal communities in India:
    Definitional problems.
    Geographical spread.
    Colonial policies and tribes.
    Issues of integration and autonomy.

    iv) Social Classes in India:
    Agrarian class structure.
    Industrial class structure.
    Middle classes in India.

    (v) Systems of Kinship in India:
    Lineage and descent in India.
    Types of kinship systems.
    Family and marriage in India.
    Household dimensions of the family.

    (vi) Religion and Society:
    Religious communities in India.
    Problems of religious minorities.

    C. Social Changes in India:

    (i) Visions of Social Change in India:
    Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
    Constitution, law and social change.
    Education and social change.

    (ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:
    Programmes of rural development, Commu n i t y De v e l o pme n t P r o g r a - mme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
    Green revolution and social change.
    Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .
    Problems of rural labour, bondage,migration.

    (iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
    Evolution of modern industry in India.
    Growth of urban settlements in India.
    Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
    Informal sector, child labour.
    Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

    (iv) Politics and Society:
    Nation, democracy and citizenship.
    Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite.
    Regionalism and decentralization of power.

    (v) Social Movements in Modern India:
    Peasants and farmers movements.
    Women’s movement.
    Backward classes & Dalit movement.
    Environmental movements.
    Ethnicity and Identity movements.

    (vi) Population Dynamics:
    Population size, growth, composition and distribution.
    Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
    Population policy and family planning.
    Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.

    (vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:
    Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.
    Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
    Violence against women.
    Caste conflicts.
    Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
    Illiteracy and disparities in education.

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